Бонус за регистрацию 610 $!
Всегда выплачивает заработанное!
10 Day Trading Strategies for Beginners
Basic Day Trading Tips
Day trading is the act of buying and selling a financial instrument within the same day or even multiple times over the course of a day. Taking advantage of small price moves can be a lucrative game—if it is played correctly. But it can be a dangerous game for newbies or anyone who doesn’t adhere to a well-thought-out strategy. What’s more, not all brokers are suited for the high volume of trades made by day traders. Some brokers, however, are designed with the day trader in mind. You can check out our list of the best brokers for day trading to see which brokers best accommodate those who would like to day trade.
Online brokers on our list, including Tradestation, TD Ameritrade, and Interactive Brokers, have professional or advanced versions of their platforms that feature real-time streaming quotes, advanced charting tools, and the ability to enter and modify complex orders in quick succession.
Let’s take a look at some general day trading principles and then move on to deciding when to buy and sell, common day trading strategies, basic charts and patterns, and how to limit losses.
- Day trading is only profitable when traders take it seriously and do their research.
- Day trading is a job, not a hobby or passing fad of a pastime. Treat it as such—be diligent, focused, objective, and detach emotions.
- Here we provide some basic tips and know-how to become a successful day trader.
Day Trading Strategies
1. Knowledge Is Power
In addition to knowledge of basic trading procedures, day traders need to keep up on the latest stock market news and events that affect stocks—the Fed’s interest rate plans, the economic outlook, etc. So do your homework. Make a wish list of stocks you’d like to trade and keep yourself informed about the selected companies and general markets. Scan business news and visit reliable financial websites.
2. Set Aside Funds
Assess how much capital you’re willing to risk on each trade. Many successful day traders risk less than 1% to 2% of their account per trade. If you have a $40,000 trading account and are willing to risk 0.5% of your capital on each trade, your maximum loss per trade is $200 (0.005 x $40,000). Set aside a surplus amount of funds you can trade with and you’re prepared to lose. Remember, it may or may not happen.
3. Set Aside Time, Too
Day trading requires your time. That’s why it’s called day trading. You’ll need to give up most of your day, in fact. Don’t consider it if you have limited time to spare. The process requires a trader to track the markets and spot opportunities, which can arise at any time during trading hours. Moving quickly is key.
4. Start Small
As a beginner, focus on a maximum of one to two stocks during a session. Tracking and finding opportunities is easier with just a few stocks.
Recently, it has become increasingly common to be able to trade fractional shares, so you can specify specific, smaller dollar amounts you wish to invest. That means if Apple shares are trading at $250 and you only want to buy $50 worth, many brokers will now let you purchase one-fifth of a share.
5. Avoid Penny Stocks
You’re probably looking for deals and low prices, but stay away from penny stocks. These stocks are often illiquid, and chances of hitting a jackpot are often bleak. Many stocks trading under $5 a share become de-listed from major stock exchanges and are only tradable over-the-counter (OTC). Unless you see a real opportunity and have done your research, stay clear of these.
6. Time Those Trades
Many orders placed by investors and traders begin to execute as soon as the markets open in the morning, which contributes to price volatility. A seasoned player may be able to recognize patterns and pick appropriately to make profits. But for newbies, it may be better just to read the market without making any moves for the first 15 to 20 minutes. The middle hours are usually less volatile, and then movement begins to pick up again toward the closing bell. Though the rush hours offer opportunities, it’s safer for beginners to avoid them at first.
Бонус за регистрацию 610 $!
Всегда выплачивает заработанное!
7. Cut Losses With Limit Orders
Decide what type of orders you’ll use to enter and exit trades. Will you use market orders or limit orders? When you place a market order, it’s executed at the best price available at the time—thus, no price guarantee.
A limit order, meanwhile, guarantees the price but not the execution. Limit orders help you trade with more precision, wherein you set your price (not unrealistic but executable) for buying as well as selling. More sophisticated and experienced day traders may employ the use of options strategies to hedge their positions as well.
8. Be Realistic About Profits
A strategy doesn’t need to win all the time to be profitable. Many traders only win 50% to 60% of their trades. However, they make more on their winners than they lose on their losers. Make sure the risk on each trade is limited to a specific percentage of the account, and that entry and exit methods are clearly defined and written down.
9. Stay Cool
There are times when the stock markets test your nerves. As a day trader, you need to learn to keep greed, hope, and fear at bay. Decisions should be governed by logic and not emotion.
10. Stick to the Plan
Successful traders have to move fast, but they don’t have to think fast. Why? Because they’ve developed a trading strategy in advance, along with the discipline to stick to that strategy. It is important to follow your formula closely rather than try to chase profits. Don’t let your emotions get the best of you and abandon your strategy. There’s a mantra among day traders: «Plan your trade and trade your plan.»
Before we go into some of the ins and outs of day trading, let’s look at some of the reasons why day trading can be so difficult.
What Makes Day Trading Difficult?
Day trading takes a lot of practice and know-how, and there are several factors that can make the process challenging.
First, know that you’re going up against professionals whose careers revolve around trading. These people have access to the best technology and connections in the industry, so even if they fail, they’re set up to succeed in the end. If you jump on the bandwagon, it means more profits for them.
Uncle Sam will also want a cut of your profits, no matter how slim. Remember that you’ll have to pay taxes on any short-term gains—or any investments you hold for one year or less—at the marginal rate. The one caveat is that your losses will offset any gains.
As an individual investor, you may be prone to emotional and psychological biases. Professional traders are usually able to cut these out of their trading strategies, but when it’s your own capital involved, it tends to be a different story.
Deciding What and When to Buy
Day traders try to make money by exploiting minute price movements in individual assets (stocks, currencies, futures, and options), usually leveraging large amounts of capital to do so. In deciding what to focus on—in a stock, say—a typical day trader looks for three things:
- Liquidity:Liquidity allows you to enter and exit a stock at a good price. For instance, tight spreads or the difference between the bid and ask price of a stock, and low slippage or the difference between the expected price of a trade and the actual price.
- Volatility:Volatility is simply a measure of the expected daily price range—the range in which a day trader operates. More volatility means greater profit or loss.
- Trading volume: This is a measure of how many times a stock is bought and sold in a given time period—most commonly known as the average daily trading volume. A high degree of volume indicates a lot of interest in a stock. An increase in a stock’s volume is often a harbinger of a price jump, either up or down.
Once you know what kind of stocks (or other assets) you’re looking for, you need to learn how to identify entry points—that is, at what precise moment you’re going to invest. Tools that can help you do this include:
- Real-time news services: News moves stocks, so it’s important to subscribe to services that tell you when potentially market-moving news comes out.
- ECN/Level 2 quotes: ECNs, or electronic communication networks, are computer-based systems that display the best available bid and ask quotes from multiple market participants and then automatically match and execute orders. Level 2 is a subscription-based service that provides real-time access to the Nasdaq order book composed of price quotes from market makers registering every Nasdaq-listed and OTC Bulletin Board security. Together, they can give you a sense of orders being executed in real time.
- Intraday candlestick charts:Candlesticks provide a raw analysis of price action. More on these later.
Define and write down the conditions under which you’ll enter a position. «Buy during uptrend» isn’t specific enough. Something like this is much more specific and also testable: «Buy when price breaks above the upper trendline of a triangle pattern, where the triangle was preceded by an uptrend (at least one higher swing high and higher swing low before the triangle formed) on the two-minute chart in the first two hours of the trading day.»
Once you have a specific set of entry rules, scan through more charts to see if those conditions are generated each day (assuming you want to day trade every day) and more often than not produce a price move in the anticipated direction. If so, you have a potential entry point for a strategy. You’ll then need to assess how to exit, or sell, those trades.
Deciding When to Sell
There are multiple ways to exit a winning position, including trailing stops and profit targets. Profit targets are the most common exit method, taking a profit at a pre-determined level. Some common price target strategies are:
|Scalping||Scalping is one of the most popular strategies. It involves selling almost immediately after a trade becomes profitable. The price target is whatever figure that translates into «you’ve made money on this deal.»|
|Fading||Fading involves shorting stocks after rapid moves upward. This is based on the assumption that (1) they are overbought, (2) early buyers are ready to begin taking profits and (3) existing buyers may be scared out. Although risky, this strategy can be extremely rewarding. Here, the price target is when buyers begin stepping in again.|
|Daily Pivots||This strategy involves profiting from a stock’s daily volatility. This is done by attempting to buy at the low of the day and sell at the high of the day. Here, the price target is simply at the next sign of a reversal.|
|Momentum||This strategy usually involves trading on news releases or finding strong trending moves supported by high volume. One type of momentum trader will buy on news releases and ride a trend until it exhibits signs of reversal. The other type will fade the price surge. Here, the price target is when volume begins to decrease.|
In most cases, you’ll want to exit an asset when there is decreased interest in the stock as indicated by the Level 2/ECN and volume. The profit target should also allow for more profit to be made on winning trades than is lost on losing trades. If your stop loss is $0.05 away from your entry price, your target should be more than $0.05 away.
Just like your entry point, define exactly how you will exit your trades before entering them. The exit criteria must be specific enough to be repeatable and testable.
Day Trading Charts and Patterns
To help determine the opportune moment to buy a stock (or whatever asset you’re trading), many traders utilize:
- Candlestick patterns, including engulfing candles and dojis
- Technical analysis, including trend lines and triangles
- Volume—increasing or decreasing
There are many candlestick setups a day trader can look for to find an entry point. If used properly, the doji reversal pattern (highlighted in yellow in the chart below) is one of the most reliable ones.
Typically, look for a pattern like this with several confirmations:
- First, look for a volume spike, which will show you whether traders are supporting the price at this level. Note: this can be either on the doji candle or on the candles immediately following it.
- Second, look for prior support at this price level. For example, the prior low of day (LOD) or high of day (HOD).
- Finally, look at the Level 2 situation, which will show all the open orders and order sizes.
If you follow these three steps, you can determine whether the doji is likely to produce an actual turnaround and can take a position if the conditions are favorable.
Traditional analysis of chart patterns also provides profit targets for exits. For example, the height of a triangle at the widest part is added to the breakout point of the triangle (for an upside breakout), providing a price at which to take profits.
How to Limit Losses When Day Trading
A stop-loss order is designed to limit losses on a position in a security. For long positions, a stop loss can be placed below a recent low, or for short positions, above a recent high. It can also be based on volatility. For example, if a stock price is moving about $0.05 a minute, then you may place a stop loss $0.15 away from your entry to give the price some space to fluctuate before it moves in your anticipated direction.
Define exactly how you’ll control the risk on the trades. In the case of a triangle pattern, for instance, a stop loss can be placed $0.02 below a recent swing low if buying a breakout, or $0.02 below the pattern. (The $0.02 is arbitrary; the point is simply to be specific.)
One strategy is to set two stop losses:
- A physical stop-loss order placed at a certain price level that suits your risk tolerance. Essentially, this is the most money you can stand to lose.
- A mental stop-loss set at the point where your entry criteria are violated. This means if the trade makes an unexpected turn, you’ll immediately exit your position.
However you decide to exit your trades, the exit criteria must be specific enough to be testable and repeatable. Also, it’s important to set a maximum loss per day you can afford to withstand—both financially and mentally. Whenever you hit this point, take the rest of the day off.
Stick to your plan and your perimeters. After all, tomorrow is another (trading) day.
Once you’ve defined how you enter trades and where you’ll place a stop loss, you can assess whether the potential strategy fits within your risk limit. If the strategy exposes you too much risk, you need to alter the strategy in some way to reduce the risk.
If the strategy is within your risk limit, then testing begins. Manually go through historical charts to find your entries, noting whether your stop loss or target would have been hit. Paper trade in this way for at least 50 to 100 trades, noting whether the strategy was profitable and if it meets your expectations. If it does, proceed to trading the strategy in a demo account in real time. If it’s profitable over the course of two months or more in a simulated environment, proceed with day trading the strategy with real capital. If the strategy isn’t profitable, start over.
Finally, keep in mind that if trading on margin—which means you’re borrowing your investment funds from a brokerage firm (and bear in mind that margin requirements for day trading are high)—you’re far more vulnerable to sharp price movements. Margin helps to amplify the trading results not just of profits, but of losses as well if a trade goes against you. Therefore, using stop losses is crucial when day trading on margin.
Now that you know some of the ins and outs of day trading, let’s take a brief look at some of the key strategies new day traders can use.
Basic Day Trading Strategies
Once you’ve mastered some of the techniques, developed your own personal trading styles, and determined what your end goals are, you can use a series of strategies to help you in your quest for profits.
Here are some popular techniques you can use. Although some of these have been mentioned above, they are worth going into again:
- Following the trend: Anyone who follows the trend will buy when prices are rising or short sell when they drop. This is done on the assumption that prices that have been rising or falling steadily will continue to do so.
- Contrarian investing: This strategy assumes the rise in prices will reverse and drop. The contrarian buys during the fall or short-sells during the rise, with the express expectation that the trend will change.
- Scalping: This is a style where a speculator exploits small price gaps created by the bid-ask spread. This technique normally involves entering and exiting a position quickly—within minutes or even seconds.
- Trading on news: Investors using this strategy will buy when good news is announced or short sell when there’s bad news. This can lead to greater volatility, which can lead to higher profits or losses.
Day trading is difficult to master. It requires time, skill and discipline. Many of those who try it fail, but the techniques and guidelines described above can help you create a profitable strategy. With enough practice and consistent performance evaluation, you can greatly improve your chances of beating the odds.
What You Need to Know About Day Trading
Day trading is making short-term trades, lasting less than one day, in an attempt to extract a profit from the financial markets. Some day traders are very active, making many trades each day, while other traders may only make one or two trades per day. The most common day trading markets are stocks, forex and futures. Day trading can be a part-time or full-time career, depending on the trader’s style.
It can be lucrative for some, but the long-term success rate is low.
There is a lot of hype around day trading. Some websites promote it as a way to get rich quick (it isn’t), and others say it is impossible (also not true). There are lots of day traders around the world who find success and make a living off the markets, so the truth lies somewhere in between those two extremes. If you’ve thought about day trading, it’s worth your time to read through and understand the concepts discussed below, so you’ll be better prepared for what to expect if you decide to proceed.
We will cover how long it takes to start earning an income, day trading styles, capital requirements, best day trading markets, profit expectations, software and hardware requirements, hurdles traders face, and finally how to become a better day trader.
Time Investment to Day Trade Successfully
Day trading isn’t a get rich quick career, nor is it something that takes years to gain consistency at. Expect to spend six months to a year honing your skills and practicing a strategy before you become comfortable with it in all conditions.
The hard part is that a day trading strategy may work great this month, but next month it doesn’t. Day traders need to constantly adjust, as no two day in the market are exactly alike.
The problem most new traders make is that they don’t practice a strategy in a demo account, for several months or more, before risking real capital. Therefore, they have no idea how a strategy works, and how they need to adjust it when market conditions change. The demo accounts serves as a testing ground, where new traders can test out ideas, see what works and hone trading psychological skills (such as patience, discipline and focus).
Commit to spending at least six months to a year, every day, practicing a specific method of day trading. Day trading does require a daily time commitment, even when just practicing. Practicing every day builds the habits that are required for day trading real capital.
As you begin practicing, you may notice you perform better at certain times of the day. Focus on these times. While practicing may take several hours per day during the first year, many experienced day traders only trade for one to three hours per day.
There is a commonly quoted statistic that only about 5 percent of day traders succeed. This is a good approximation. Most people who try day trading will not succeed, yet most of them do not practice everyday for six months to a year either. Time investment and quality practice increase a day traders chances of being in the 5 percent that are successful.
Day Trading Styles
There are a number of day trading styles, but really it comes down to personal preference. Some traders are very active, catching small price movements with large position sizes.
These types of traders are called scalpers. They often makes dozens of trades a day (but this is not required).
Other day traders may only take several trades a day, but they try to capture bigger price movements. These trades typically last longer than a scalper’s trades, yet may also be quite short-lived at times.
Most day traders trade off of price charts and/or use a Level II to help see where orders are being placed by market participants. These two tools help traders make trading decisions. Some traders may also focus on specific news events, or trade off statistic tendencies that they have researched.
Capital Requirements for Day Trading
Different markets require different amounts of capital to day trade. Stocks are popular, but also the most capital intensive. If you want to day trade stocks in the US, the absolute minimum you need is $25,000. And you’ll actually need more because you need to keep your balance above $25,000. Starting with $30,000 or more is recommended. The stock market provides up to 4:1 leverage on day trades.
Therefore, a $30,000 deposit allows a day trader to utilize up to $120,000.
If you day trade forex you can start with as little as $500, though starting with more is recommended. In forex, leverage of up to 50:1 (or more in some countries) is available. While 50:1 leverage is likely overkill, utilizing 5:1 or 10:1 leverage allows traders to take positions up to five or ten times the amount of their capital.
Day trading futures is possible with a $1,000 deposit (deposit minimums vary by broker), but more is recommend. If trading a popular day trading contract like the S&P 500 E-mini, start with at least $3500, and ideally $7000 or more.
While leverage can amplify returns, it can also create large losses and even result in a negative account balance (owing the broker money). Always use leverage with caution, and utilized a stop loss order on trades.
What Markets to Day Trade
Stocks, foreign exchange (forex) and futures are the most popular day trading markets. They are all good markets and offer similar profit potential.
Which one to choose comes down to personal choice.
Day trading stocks means buying and selling the shares of a company, or various companies, on a daily basis.
Foreign exchange is buying and selling currencies. The most popular day trading currency pair is the euro/ U.S. dollar (EUR/USD). Day trading this pair involves buying when the EUR is expected to rise relative to the USD, or selling when the EUR is expected to fall versus the USD.
Futures are a contract that match up a buyer and seller at a specific price, with the buyer agreeing to pay that price for the asset when the contract expires in the future. The seller is agreeing to deliver the asset, like oil for example, to the buyer when the contract expires. Day traders are never required to deliver or pay for the actual asset, because all positions are opened and closed within the day (no open obligations). Profits are losses are based on the prices the contract is opened and closed at.
Each market has its own nuances, and will take time to learn. Learn one, thoroughly, instead of trying to trade them all. Eventually, day traders may branch out and trade all markets, but beginners should focus on one. For a thorough breakdown of the pros and cons of each market, see Which Market to Day Trade? Stocks, Futures or Forex?
Expected Monthly Income From Day Trading
Discussing day trader income is almost irrelevant, because there is such a wide range of incomes. There are day traders who barely make a living (and lots that lose) and there are day traders who make hundreds of thousands of dollars a year.
The best way to get an indication of what your profit potential will be is to start practicing in a demo account. In the demo account use the same amount of money that you will be depositing when you open a live account. After 6 months to a year you will have an idea of whether day trading is viable for you.
In terms of expected profit, some general guidelines are discussed below.
It’s recommended new traders only risk 1 percent of their account (or less) on a trade. That means a losing trade has a very small affect on the overall capital balance.
If risking 1 percent per trade day traders can expect to make between 10 percent and 30 percent a month. This is not what a trader will make, but rather a goal to work towards. Note that these figures are based on smaller account sizes, which is what new traders are starting out with.
The more capital a trader has, typically the lower the percentage return. It’s easier to make high returns on smaller amounts of capital than it is to make the same return on large amounts of capital. For accounts over $100,000, percentage returns will typically start to drop.
For detailed scenarios on how much you can expect to make, see How Much Can I Make Day Trading Futures, Forex, and/or Stocks.
Keep in mind, these figures are based on having a solid method and having practiced it in all market conditions. It will likely take six months to a year, or even longer, before you can expect these returns on a monthly basis.
Day Trading Hardware and Software Requirements
Day in the modern age requires a computer or laptop; a reliable one! While trading off a laptop or one monitor is fine, some day traders prefer having two more monitors (or more) to keep tabs on multiple assets.
Internet access is also a must, with high speed cable or ADSL recommended. Having a back up internet connection is also recommend, such as having a data plan on a smart phone or tablet. That way, if the internet goes down, positions can still be managed using an alternate device on an alternate connection.
Having a phone (cell phone or land line) is also recommended. In case of emergency—like your internet connection going down—it is good to have an alternate means of contacting your broker (other than email, chat, or your trading platform, which won’t be working).
To place demo or live trades, day traders require a trading platform. Brokers typically provide day traders with their own software, but third-party software can also be hooked up to many brokers. The platform is required for placing trades, as it tells the broker what you want to do and the broker instantaneously relays that to the market.
Most trading platforms have charts included. Having reliable and easy to use charting software is also a requirement for day trading.
Finally, day traders need a broker and they need market data. When opening an account (demo or live), the trader specifies what they want to trade and requests live prices for that market. This is called a data feed. The data feed shows traders the current price, allowing them to transact with the market place via the trading platform.
For more information on all these requirements, see Tools and Services Needed for Day Trading.
Hurdles to Day Trading Successfully, Consistently
Day trading poses a number of hurdles. Mainly, each trading day is slightly different. Traders need a method that works in nearly all market conditions. That doesn’t mean a day trader will win every day. On the contrary, even with a great method, there still may be several losing days a month. Winning every trade or every day isn’t important, it is winning over the course of each week and month that matters.
Find (research or develop) a method that adapts to market conditions. Typically, this means avoiding systems that are overly complex, contain lots of indicators or require constant research. For example, if you want to learn how to day trade forex consider using a simple price action strategy.
Day traders also face psychological hurdles. There is no guaranteed paycheck, which can weigh heavily when bills are due but your trading isn’t going well. This can be a vicious cycle leading to more trading mistakes and worse performance.
Invest in Yourself, Not in Day Trading Gimmicks
Software and gimmicky products that promise riches overnight typically have a very short shelf life. They may work for a little while, but ultimately they will fail you unless you know how to make adjustments to the software yourself. Instead of getting suckered into trading product scams you’re much better off spending your time and money on your own education.
Read books and articles on trading. Consider getting mentoring from someone you have followed and who’s method you feel would work with your personality and needs. Invest in your own education, not trade signals you pay for each month or expensive subscriptions—these only serve to make you reliant on someone else. Invest in yourself from the start. That way, no matter what happens you have the skills to get the job done, on your own.
Final Word on Day Trading
Expect to put in at least six months to a year before you start to see any sort of profitability and consistency. It may come sooner, and that’s a bonus, but don’t assume that it will. Day trading stocks require at least $25,000, forex requires at least $500 and for futures you’ll want at least $3,500 or more.
Day trading requires more money than just a deposit, though. Get setup with a good computer, one or two monitors, a trading platform and data feeds. With many brokers the data feeds for various markets cost money, so pick a market and stick with it. There is no reason to pay for data feeds you won’t be using. Also, a consistent income isn’t likely during the first six months to a year, so save up for living expenses if attempting to day trade as a primary income stream.
Focus on simple methods that you can work on and practice yourself. Don’t become too reliant on others. In the long run, you are better off investing in yourself and an education that will last forever, not blowing money on signals or gimmicks that offer no long run benefit to your trading career.
Daily Trades — отзывы
The algorithm identifies Demand Zones with high potential of growth.
The algorithm sends a trading alert to you when the price comes back to the Demand Zone.
You define your stop-losses and place the order
Are you a novice day trader tired of losing trades, or a seasoned trader trying to minimize the time you spend in front of the screen waiting for the right opportunity? Imagine how would be nice to start making money on stocks without spending years and thousands of dollars for learning! Imagine if someone or something could watch the market for you and tell you when it is the right time to buy a stock!
Well, our system can do all of that for you and even more! Our algorithms are constantly monitoring hundreds of stocks, evaluating and selecting stocks with a high probability of a short-term price increase. Once the trading opportunity is determined it sends an immediate unbiased alert to all subscribers. The alert contains all the details you need to know to make a trading decision.
On the chart below, you can see an example of how day trading alerts may help you to make 1% of your capital within just seven minutes.
What the system does:
- Constantly analyzes market data and seeking good opportunities to open a trade with a high probability of gain.
- Provides subscribers with an instant e-mail of day trading alerts when the stock price is approaching the resistance level or demand zone.
- Identifies several good day trading opportunities daily.
What you do:
- Receive day trading alerts (or “Buy” signals) from the system
- Analyze the chart and market situation
- Make the decision to enter the position
- Determine your gain or loss limits
What the system DOESN’T do:
- Guarantee your profitability. You receive e-mails with day trading alerts and make your own decisions whether you should enter a position. See the Risk Disclaimer.
- Suggest any gain or loss limits. You need to do it yourself based on the market situation. Based on our experience, the best limits for intraday trading/scalping are within +/- 0.4% per trade. However, it strongly depends on the market situation.
- Send “Sell” alerts. You decide when you exit.
Some examples of past alerts:
Бонус за регистрацию 610 $!
Всегда выплачивает заработанное!